1. Babri Masjid Construction: The Babri Masjid was a mosque in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was constructed in 1528-29 under the rule of the Mughal Emperor Babur.
2. Historical Dispute: The site of the mosque has been a subject of dispute for centuries. Many Hindus believe that the mosque was built over a temple that marked the birthplace of Lord Ram, a major deity in Hinduism. However, this claim has been a matter of historical debate.
3. Increasing Tensions: In the 20th century, the dispute intensified, with both Hindu and Muslim groups laying claim to the site. The situation often led to communal tensions.
4. 1980s-1990s Mobilization: In the 1980s and 1990s, the movement to build a Ram Mandir at the site gained significant momentum, particularly under the auspices of several Hindu nationalist organizations.
5. Demolition of Babri Masjid: On December 6, 1992, a large crowd of Hindu activists demolished the Babri Masjid, leading to widespread communal riots across India.
6. Legal Battles: The demolition led to a series of legal battles over the ownership and future of the site.
7. Supreme Court Verdict: In November 2019, the Supreme Court of India delivered a landmark verdict. It ruled that the land should be handed over to a trust to build the Ram Mandir, while a separate five-acre plot in Ayodhya was to be given to the Sunni Waqf Board to build a mosque.
8. Construction of Ram Mandir: The construction of the Ram Mandir began after a Bhoomi Pujan (ground-breaking ceremony) on August 5, 2020, with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi laying the foundation stone.
This history is a subject of significant religious, political, and social sensitivity in India, involving complex interactions between faith, history, and politics. The events have had a lasting impact on India’s socio-political fabric.